Halifax - The Guardian of the North
2 to 4 hours
The capital of Nova Scotia, Halifax is the largest city east of Montreal. Founded in 1749 to protect British interests in North America, Halifax is steeped in maritime and military history. As the cultural, educational, commercial and financial centre of the Atlantic Provinces, Halifax offers a variety of museums, churches, educational institutions, historic buildings and monuments.
Halifax Citadel: The British began construction on this fortress in 1858 to protect the city and one of the main ports of entry into British North America. The hilltop location offers visitors a panoramic view of the harbour and the city.
Historic Properties: Canada's oldest surviving waterfront warehouses have been restored to represent the era when this was the centre of trade and commerce for the city. This section of town boasts many attractive shops and restaurants.
Province House: This is the seat of provincial government and Canada's oldest and smallest legislative building. The Georgian-style stone building has graced Hollis Street since 1819.
St. Paul's Church: This is the oldest building in Halifax and is the first Anglican Church in Canada.
The Old Burial Ground: The first burial occurred here just a day after the city was founded in 1749. The entrance arch adorned with the British lion is a memorial to the Crimean War, the only such memorial in North America.
The Halifax Public Gardens: These gardens, begun in 1763, are part of the oldest park in Canada and the second oldest in North America. The current 17 acres were begun in 1866. These formal gardens are the oldest Victorian gardens of their type in North America and are considered one of the continent's finest.
Maritime Museum of the Atlantic: This museum documents the maritime history of Atlantic Canada with exhibits on the Navy, the days of sail, shipwrecks, lifesaving, large exhibits on the Halifax Explosion and the Titanic.
Photo opportunities abound along the route.