Sydney - Glace Bay and Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site
Sydney: Founded in 1758 by Col. J. F. W. Des Barres, Sydney was first settled by Loyalists from New York State. Immigrants from the Scottish Highlands followed 20 years later and added much of the Scottish flavour we see today. Sydney boomed at the turn of the century with the building of the Dominion Steel and Coal Company plant at Whitney Pier. This plant was the largest self-contained steel plant in North America and is still the city's major industry.
Glace Bay: This former coal mining town got its name from the French word for Aice,@ Aglace,@ because of the drift ice in the harbour. During the 1950s and 60s Glace Bay's population was more than 28,000 inhabitants, making it the largest town in Canada at the time.
Miners' Museum: This museum focuses on the contribution of coal and the people who mined it to the development of modern Western civilization. In addition to the many exhibits there is also a coal mine on site. Retired miners will guide you through the Ocean Deeps Colliery.
Marconi National Historic Site: This site honours Guglielmo Marconi for his contribution to the creation of today's global communications network. He was the first to prove that it is possible to send messages across the Atlantic using electromagnetic waves instead of wires. Discover the genius of the AWizard of Wireless@ and learn about other scientists who pioneered the technology we take for granted today.
Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Site: At a cost of over $60 million, this is the largest historic reconstruction ever undertaken in Canada. The original fortress was constructed between 1720 and 1744 and was instrumental in protecting the interests of New France in North America by controlling access to the St. Lawrence Seaway. When Louisbourg was captured and destroyed in 1760, the fate of Quebec was sealed. The most important structures have been reconstructed in exacting detail and costumed guides interpret the various functions of the buildings and their inhabitants.
To make the best of this tour be sure to wear warm clothing and good walking shoes.